Footnotes

1. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
2. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 548
3. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response
4. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 548
5. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya, p 21
6. https://rusi.org/publication/rusi-journal/it%E2%80%99s-trap-provoking-overreaction-terrorism-101, p 38
7. http://www.nation.co.ke/news/Uhuru-blames-massacre-on-tribalism--hate-politics/-/1056/2352306/-/wyy1laz/-/index.html
8. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response
9. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response
10. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
11. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town , 29 November 2016
12. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
13. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
14.Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
15. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf, p 21
16. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf, p 21
17. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
18. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
19. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
20. http://www.lapsset.go.ke/
21. Key Informant Interview with official, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
22. http://www.nation.co.ke/news/How-squatters-became-land-owners-in-Lamu/1056-2366012-117m6so/index.html
23. http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/unpacking-the-anatomy-of-the-mpeketoni-attacks-in-kenya, p2
24. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
25. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf, p 20
26. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
27. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
28. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
29. Key Informant Interview with religious leader, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
30. The compensation scheme for people living on land directly affected by the project’s construction has been messy and contested at points, but in the end largely deemed by people we spoke to as fair. The same cannot be said for fishermen, who still feel that they have not been compensated for the potential loss of their livelihoods.
31. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
32. Key Informant Interview with county government officials, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
33. Key Informant Interview with businessman, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
34. Key Informant Interview with group of religious leaders, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
35. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
36. Key Informant Interview with county government officials, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
37. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract, p 7
38. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 546
39. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya, p 18
40. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 545
41. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya
42. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, ppp 536-538
43. Cherono, S (2016) ‘War on terror being won by brain power, not gun power, Security bosses reveal’, The Daily Nation, 28 November
44. http://economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Global-Terrorism-Index-2015.pdf
45. http://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/publications/Dispatches/ab_r6_dispatchno37.pdf, p 2
46. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya. p 17
47. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya, p 6
48. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract, p 17
49. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract, p 17
50. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract, p 17; https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/AFR52/003/2014/en/
51. http://www.irinnews.org/report/100412/gunned-down-mombasa-%E2%80%93-clerics-have-died
52. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract, p 20
53. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf, p 15
54. https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/AFR52/003/2014/en/, p 6
55. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 547. ; also see https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2014/05/kenya-somalis-scapegoated-counter-terror-crackdown/
56. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract
57. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya., p 25.
58. For an historical exploration of Somalis in Kenya, see http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya, p4
59. http://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/publications/Dispatches/ab_r6_dispatchno37.pdf, pp 2-6
60. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf, p 11.
61. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf p, pp 15-19
62. The Daily Nation, March 2014 cited in https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract, p 22
63. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya., p 26
64. http://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/publications/Dispatches/ab_r6_dispatchno37.pdf, ppp 2-6
65. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response, p 15
66. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response, p 27
67. http://kenyanewsagency.go.ke/en/security-agents-deployed-to-lamu-using-all-means-to-flush-out-assailants/
68. Key Informant Interview with county government officials, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
69. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
70. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response, p 33.
71. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response
72. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
73. Key Informant Interview with civil society activist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
74. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
75. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
76. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
77. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
78. Women’s focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
79. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, 1 December 2016
80. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
81. Key Informant Interview with civil society activist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
82. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
83. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
84. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
85. Key Informant Interview with county government officials, 30 November 2016, Lamu Town
86. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/06/15/insult-injury/2014-lamu-and-tana-river-attacks-and-kenyas-abusive-response , p 44.
87. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
88. Key Informant Interview with civil society activist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
89. Key Informant Interview with civil society activist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
90. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
91. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
92. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
93. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
94. Key Informant Interview with civil society activist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
95. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
96. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
97. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
98. Cherono, S (2016) ‘War on terror being won by brain power, not gun power, Security bosses reveal’, The Daily Nation, 28 November
99. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
100. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
101. http://www.acleddata.com/data/
102. Key Informant Interview with official, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
103. http://intelligencebriefs.com/over-700-more-security-officers-deployed-in-lamu-county/
104. http://www.mfa.go.ke/president-kenyatta-launches-strategy-countering-violent-extremism/
105. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
106. Youth focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
107. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
108. Key Informant Interviews with county government officials, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
109. Key Informant Interview with group of religious leaders, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
110. Key Informant Interview with group of religious leaders, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
111. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
112. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
113. Key Informant Interview with businessman, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
114. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
115. https://issafrica.s3.amazonaws.com/site/uploads/Paper265.pdf, p 13
116. Key Informant Interview with businessman, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
117. https://issafrica.s3.amazonaws.com/site/uploads/Paper265.pdf, p 20; http://life-peace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/IJR20Violent20Extremism20in20Kenya20final20web2028129.pdf, p xi
118. Youth focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
119. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
120. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu County, 1 December 2016
121. https://issafrica.s3.amazonaws.com/site/uploads/Paper265.pdf, p 10
122. http://www.chrips.or.ke/docs/publications/Countering_violent_extremism_in_Kenya-4.pdf, p 1
123. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
124. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 544
125. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
126. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
127. Key Informant Interview with NGO, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
128. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
129. http://life-peace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/IJR20Violent20Extremism20in20Kenya20final20web2028129.pdf, p X
130. http://life-peace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/IJR20Violent20Extremism20in20Kenya20final20web2028129.pdf, p X
131. http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/tangled-ties-al-shabaab-and-political-volatility-in-kenya, p 37
132. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
133. https://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/454/1.abstract
134. http://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2016/11/11/us-donates-sh15-billion-to-fight-terror-in-kenya_c1454289
135. http://journals.sfu.ca/jd/index.php/jd/article/viewFile/62/52
136. https://www.academia.edu/2413503/Fighting_Phantoms_The_United_States_and_Counterterrorism_in_Eastern_Africa
137. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/us-to-expand-support-in-kenya-somalia-for-counterterrorism-operations/2015/07/25/b6f386f0-3210-11e5-97ae-30a30cca95d7_story.html?utm_term=.5696059aa10f
138. http://www.africaknowledgeproject.org/index.php/ajcjs/article/view/1569
139. https://globalpublicpolicywatch.org/2014/05/14/kenyas-battle-against-terrorism/
140. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/us-to-expand-support-in-kenya-somalia-for-counterterrorism-operations/2015/07/25/b6f386f0-3210-11e5-97ae-30a30cca95d7_story.html?utm_term=.dbeef8077128
141. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/us-to-expand-support-in-kenya-somalia-for-counterterrorism-operations/2015/07/25/b6f386f0-3210-11e5-97ae-30a30cca95d7_story.html?utm_term=.5696059aa10f
142.  https://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2015/257514.htm
143.  https://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2015/257514.htm
144.  https://www.usaid.gov/countering-violent-extremism
145. http://life-peace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/IJR20Violent20Extremism20in20Kenya20final20web2028129.pdf
146. https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1860/SCORE%20Draft%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf
147. https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/counter-violent-extremism-communities-beat-terrorism
148. https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/sites/devco/files/strive-brochure-20150617_en.pdf
149. https://www.academia.edu/2413503/Fighting_Phantoms_The_United_States_and_Counterterrorism_in_Eastern_Africa
150. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-07-26/kenya-u-s-companies-in-talks-on-multibillion-dollar-port-deal
151. Key Informant Interview with county government officials, Lamu County, 30 November 2016
152. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17531055.2015.1082254, p 546
153. Cherono S (2016)), ‘War on terror being won by brain power, not gun power, Security bosses reveal’, The Daily Nation, 28 November
154. Key Informant Interview with businessman, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
155. Women’s focus group discussion, 1Lamu Town1 December 2016
156. Key Informant Interview with businessman, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
157. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
158. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
159. Mixed focus group discussion, Lamu Town, 30 November 2016
160. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
161. Key Informant Interview with businessman, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
162. Key Informant Interview with civil society activist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
163. Key Informant Interview with journalist, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
164. Key Informant Interview with businesswoman, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
165. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
166. Key Informant Interview with group of religious leaders, Lamu Town, 1 December 2016
167. Key Informant Interview with official, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016
168. http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/sites/lam/files/note4_observatoire.pdf, p 22
169. Key Informant Interview with politician, Lamu Town, 29 November 2016